Sambo was devised in Russia the 1930's. Official recognition of new martial art came in 1938. At 1st it was called “free-style wrestling”, then “free wrestling,” and in 1946 was renamed “SAMBO.” Sambo is a martial arts system that combines the techniques from a number of martial arts including Chinese and Japanese Chinese forms; national martial arts of USSR area natives (Georgians, Mongols, Russians etc.); French wrestling and other unarmed combat techniques. During world War II the system was widely “tested” by the Soviet army. “Special” techniques were added at the time, for example fighting in cells, quick-and-quiet sentry killing, and so on.
Sambo was and is currently being used for military, police, self-defense, and as a sport throughout the world. sambo is now considered to be one of the 4 main forms of amateur wrestling along with Greco-Roman wrestling, Freestyle wrestling, and Judo.
there are three distinctive forms of sambo.
SAMBO is similar to Judo, but with some an differences in rules, protocol, and uniform.
Self-defense SAMBO is very much like Aikijujutsu as it is designed to be entirely defensive against attacks by armed and unarmed criminals. It is also ideal for use by specific professions, such as taxi drivers, bank employees, bodyguards, various law enforcement agents, etc. It is also very useful for rape prevention and children’s self-defense.
Combat SAMBO is a very aggressive martial arts system designed to prepare an individual to be effective in any situation. The purpose of Combat SAMBO is to “survive.” Combat SAMBO includes techniques from both Sport and Self-defense SAMBO, but uses them in different ways. It includes techniques that are dangerous and prohibited in sports.
Combat SAMBO is constantly changing and evolving. With its ever-growing arsenal of techniques adopted from many martial arts and fighting forms, it is one of the most comprehensive self-defense and survival systems in the world.